There are ligaments in the ankle that connect the feet to the bones. If one or more of these become stretched because of an injury, it may result in an ankle sprain. This can happen if the patient suddenly steps off of a curb, or falls from a loss of balance. There are noticeable symptoms that immediately appear if an ankle sprain has occurred. These can consist of severe pain, swelling, and it is often difficult to walk on. After a proper diagnosis is performed, which typically involves having an X-ray taken, the correct treatment can begin. This generally consists of wrapping the affected ankle in an elastic bandage, which may be helpful in providing the necessary support as the healing process takes place. It is suggested that the ankle is elevated as often as possible, as this may be beneficial in reducing a portion of the swelling. If you think you have sprained your ankle, please consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible to begin treatment.
Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Steven Hartung from Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?
Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.
What Are the Symptoms?
- Mild to moderate bruising
- Limited mobility
- Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)
Preventing a Sprain
- Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
- Stretching before exercises and sports
- Knowing your limits
Treatment of a Sprain
Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity. Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.
If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsport, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Ankle Sprains
When fungi gets underneath the toenail, it’s very likely for toenail fungus to form. In order to tell if you have toenail fungus, it’s important you look out for certain signs. Common symptoms of this condition may include discoloration, thickening, or lifting of the nail. In some cases, it’s also been known for fungus to cause the affected toenail to crumble or split. As far as developing toenail fungus, certain factors may increase your likelihood. These factors may include living in a hot or humid climate, having athlete’s foot, being diabetic, spending a lot of time in the water, wearing tightly fitted shoes that cause the feet to sweat excessively, and having a weak immune system. If you feel you might have developed toenail fungus, it’s important you seek help as soon as possible. We recommend you consult with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and advised treatment plan.
Toenail Fungus Treatment
Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.
Antifungals & Deterrence
Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.
Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.
Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsport, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Treating Toenail Fungus
The medical condition that is known as hammertoe may be caused by a muscle imbalance. This can gradually develop as a result of wearing shoes that do not have ample room for the toes to move freely in. Additionally, it may occur as a result of genetic factors, or from high arches or arthritis. This ailment typically affects the second or third toe. Corns and calluses can form on top of the affected toes, which may cause pain and discomfort. Some patients may find mild relief if a cushioned bandage is worn over the toes, as this may help to avoid friction while wearing shoes. In severe cases of hammertoe, surgery may be necessary to perform. This may be helpful in permanently straightening the toes. If you have hammertoe, please schedule a consultation with a podiatrist who can offer you treatment options that are correct for you.
Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Dr. Steven Hartung of Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.
Hammertoe is a foot deformity that occurs due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. It can be caused by the type of shoes you wear, your foot structure, trauma, and certain disease processes.
- Painful and/or difficult toe movement
- Joint stiffness
- Physical deformity
- Age – The risk of hammertoe increases with age
- Sex – Women are more likely to have hammertoe compared to men
- Toe Length – You are more likely to develop hammertoe if your second toe is longer than your big toe
- Certain Diseases – Arthritis and diabetes may make you more likely to develop hammertoe
If you have hammertoe, you should change into a more comfortable shoe that provides enough room for your toes. Exercises such as picking up marbles may strengthen and stretch your toe muscles. Nevertheless, it is important to seek assistance from a podiatrist in order to determine the severity of your hammertoe and see which treatment option will work best for you.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsport, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Hammertoe
The central nervous system is connected by the peripheral nerves to the nerves in the body. These nerves deliver physical sensations to the brain. The medical condition that is referred to as peripheral neuropathy can occur if the nerves become damaged or destroyed. This may happen as a result of genetic traits, an injury, or if there is an existing infection. Some of the symptoms that are associated with this disorder can consist of a tingling sensation in the hands and feet, excessive sweating, and the feet may feel heavy. A proper diagnosis is generally performed by a podiatrist, which can help to determine the extent of the ailment. This can often include having a blood test, CT scan, or MRI taken. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can help you to manage this condition.
Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Dr. Steven Hartung from Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.
What Is Neuropathy?
Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.
Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:
- Sensation loss
- Prickling and tingling sensations
- Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
- Muscle weakness
Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.
To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.
Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsport, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Neuropathy
Patients who have plantar fasciitis are often familiar with the severe pain and discomfort this condition may cause. It is defined as an inflammation of the plantar fascia, which is the band of tissue that is found on the sole of the foot. Its function is to connect the heel to the toes, and plays a significant role in supporting the arch of the foot. Plantar fasciitis may occur as a result of gradual wear and tear which may happen from standing on hard surfaces for the majority of the day. Additionally, obesity, flat feet, and ill-fitting shoes may be contributing factors in developing this condition. The symptoms that are generally associated with this ailment can include severe pain in the heel area, and it may be difficult to walk. Mild relief may be found when gentle stretching techniques are frequently performed, which may help to strengthen the foot. If you are suffering from this condition, it is strongly recommended that you consult with a podiatrist who can help you to treat this condition.
Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact Dr. Steven Hartung from Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?
- Excessive running
- Non-supportive shoes
- Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia
How Can It Be Treated?
- Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices
- Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis
- Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel
While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsport, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Plantar Fasciitis
People who enjoy the sport of running are often dismayed if they have incurred a running injury. This may force them to take unwanted time off from their chosen sport. If an injury has occurred, research has indicated it may be beneficial to refrain from running until it is completely healed. There are methods that can be implemented which may help to prevent running injuries. Stretching may help the body to remain flexible, in addition to possibly improving your range of motion. Strength training is an effective way to increase muscle tone, and it may help to reduce existing weak spots in the body. If you would like to know how performing foot stretches before and after running can help the body, it is suggested that you speak to a podiatrist.
Exercising your feet regularly with the proper foot wear is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. Steven Hartung of Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.
How to Prevent Running Injuries
Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned.
What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?
- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.
Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries
- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber and can lessen the possibility of injuries.
- Stretching keeps muscles limber; this will help you gain better flexibility.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsport, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about How to Prevent Running Injuries
Heel pain is experienced by many patients as a gradual occurrence. It may develop as a result of repetitive stress the heel endures, which can come from frequently running or standing for the majority of the day. A common type of heel pain is referred to as plantar fasciitis, and this affects the portion of tissue that is located on the bottom of the foot. When children have heel pain, it may be indicative of Sever’s disease, which targets the heel plate of growing teenagers. The condition that is known as Achilles tendinosis can happen from sudden movements, and can affect the heel and the bottom of the calf muscles. If you have any type of heel pain, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can properly diagnose and treat your condition.
Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact Dr. Steven Hartung of Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Causes of Heel Pain
Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.
Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.
Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.
Why Might Heel Pain Occur?
- Wearing ill-fitting shoes
- Wearing non-supportive shoes
- Weight change
- Excessive running
Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.
If you have any questions please contact our office located in Williamsport, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Heel Pain
The majority of babies are born with flexible and flat feet, as a result of underdeveloped bones which will be fully formed as the feet get stronger. This typically occurs during the teenage years. Research has indicated that it is beneficial for toddlers to walk barefoot while indoors. This can help the feet to build strength as the toes grasp the floor. When it is time for the first pair of shoes to be purchased, it is beneficial to look for materials that are flexible, in addition to being able to provide adequate support. If you notice your child walks with their feet pointed inward or outward, it is suggested that you speak to a podiatrist, who can prescribe insoles that are designed for your child.
The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact Dr. Steven Hartung of Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy
- Make sure their shoes fit properly
- Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
- Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
- Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
- Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
- Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
- Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
- Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsport, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about What to Do to Keep Your Child’s Feet Healthy
Foot pain may be a common ailment among elderly people. This may be a result of the amount of walking and running that has occurred during their lifetimes. It is beneficial if the soles of the feet are regularly checked by a podiatrist to determine if there are cuts on the feet that will not heal. The socks that are worn should fit correctly, be seamless, and be made of cotton, which is a breathable material. A podiatrist will trim the toenails correctly, which can be helpful if there are existing circulation issues. If you or an elderly relative needs help in caring for the feet, please consult with a podiatrist.
Geriatrics and Podiatry
When people age, some common issues that may occur are bone density loss, dry skin, poor circulation, and rough brittle nails. These issues may also affect your foot health if the necessary steps are not taken to alleviate the problems.
It is important to take care of your feet because feet that are injured or diseased can affect your overall health. Having painful feet hinders your ability to do daily activities or may decrease your willingness to do the things that you need to do.
Visiting Your Geriatrician
As we age, health problems become more likely, so it is essential to visit your doctor for check-ups to ensure that you are doing the best you can to take care of your health. It is recommended to check your feet frequently for any possible cuts, bruises, swelling, corns or any other irregularities.
Taking Care of Elderly Feet
Cracked or dry feet can be treated by applying moisturizer often. It is also important not to wear old socks because the older the sock is, the higher the possibility there will be that there is bacteria there. Wear fresh socks and make sure they fit properly.
Proper foot health means that you can have a more active lifestyle and you will not be bogged down by pain. Foot health also leads to good circulation, which is paramount for overall health.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsport, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Geriatrics and Podiatry
A common foot injury many patients endure is known as an ankle sprain. This can be the result of the ankle suddenly rolling to one side. The ankle can move out of place, and can cause severe pain and discomfort. If you have fallen or twisted your ankle, you may experience several symptoms. These can consist of extreme swelling, difficulty in walking, and the ankle may have limited mobility. Moderate relief may be found when the affected ankle is elevated, which may help to diminish a portion of the swelling. Additionally, after the healing process is completed, it may be beneficial to incorporate mild stretches into your daily routine. If you have sprained your ankle, it is strongly advised that you seek the expert advice of a podiatrist who can help you properly manage this type of injury.
Although ankle sprains are common, they aren’t always minor injuries. If you need your ankle injury looked at, contact Dr. Steven Hartung from Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?
Ankle sprains are the result of a tear in the ligaments within the ankle. These injuries may happen when you make a rapid shifting movement while your foot is planted. A less common way to sprain your ankle is when your ankle rolls inward while your foot turns outward.
What Are the Symptoms?
- Pain at the sight of the tear
- Ankle area is tender to touch
- In severe cases, may hear/feel something tear
- Skin discoloration
Preventing a Sprain
- Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
- Stretching before exercises and sports
- Knowing your limits
Treatment of a Sprain
In many cases, the RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevate) is used to treat ankle sprains. However, you should see a podiatrist to see which treatment option would work best with your injury. In severe cases, surgery may be required.
It is important to ask your doctor about rehab options after you receive treatment for your injury. Stretching, strength training, and balance exercises may help the ankle heal while also preventing further injury.
A heel spur may occur when a calcium deposit develops between the arch of the foot and the heel. A common symptom of a heel spur often includes a sharp, intense pain when standing up in the morning. Additional signs you may have a heel spur may consist of an ache, inflammation or swelling in the heel, heat radiating from the affected area, and a noticeable protrusion under the heel. Factors that increase the risk of obtaining a heel spur can include being involved in athletic activities, experiencing trauma to the heel, general aging, and wearing improper footwear. Getting proper rest, and using custom made orthotics may help to alleviate any pain or pressure that exists as a result of a heel spur. If you would like additional information and advice for an effective treatment regime, we recommend that you consult with a podiatrist.
Heel spurs can be incredibly painful and sometimes may make you unable to participate in physical activities. To get medical care for your heel spurs, contact Dr. Steven Hartung from Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Our doctor will do everything possible to treat your condition.
Heel spurs are formed by calcium deposits on the back of the foot where the heel is. This can also be caused by small fragments of bone breaking off one section of the foot, attaching onto the back of the foot. Heel spurs can also be bone growth on the back of the foot and may grow in the direction of the arch of the foot.
Older individuals usually suffer from heel spurs and pain sometimes intensifies with age. One of the main condition's spurs are related to is plantar fasciitis.
The pain associated with spurs is often because of weight placed on the feet. When someone is walking, their entire weight is concentrated on the feet. Bone spurs then have the tendency to affect other bones and tissues around the foot. As the pain continues, the feet will become tender and sensitive over time.
There are many ways to treat heel spurs. If one is suffering from heel spurs in conjunction with pain, there are several methods for healing. Medication, surgery, and herbal care are some options.
If you have any questions feel free to contact our office located in Williamsport, PA. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.Read more about Heel Spurs